Liturgy


Liturgy
   The word "Liturgy" is derived from the Greek leitourgia, meaning a public work or duty, whether civil or religious. It then became generally used with reference to sacred offices, whence arose its ecclesiastical use to signify the solemnization of the rites of the Christian Church. Afterwards, it came to be especially applied to the office for the celebration of the Holy Eucharist and as such the term is technically used in Church History. The Liturgy being the Office of the celebration of the Holy Eucharist, it has for its nucleus our Lord's words of Institution. These with their accompanying Divine acts form the centre around which all subsequent prayers, praises and ritual customs gathered, and the history of these is the history of Liturgies. Liturgies have been used in the Christian Church from the beginning as the ancient Liturgies demonstrate. Of these there are many still extant in MSS. some of them fully as old as the oldest MSS. of the Bible. While they vary in arrangement and phraseology, yet the leading and essential
   parts are common to them all and are found without substantial variation, thus pointing to one common source. All Liturgies existing at the present time trace their origin back to Apostolic times through four main sources, as follows:
   I. The Liturgy of St. James, composed in the first instance for the Churches of Palestine.
   II. The Liturgy of St. Mark, for the Church in Alexandria.
   III. The Liturgy of St. Peter, for the Church in Rome, from which the existing Roman Liturgy is derived.
   IV. The Liturgy of St. John, for the Church in Ephesus.
   It is from this last that our own Liturgy is derived. This Ephesine Liturgy was introduced into France at a very early age by missionaries who came to Lyons. From France missionaries went over to England and there preached Christ and introduced the Liturgy which they were accustomed to use, so that when St. Augustine went from Rome to England, A.D. 596, expecting to find it a heathen land, he found Christians already there and using a Liturgy somewhat different from that of Rome. These differences in the English Liturgy showed an eastern origin, thus confirming its Apostolic origin and thus demonstrate that our Liturgy did not come from the Church of Rome. Rome's power and influence being introduced into England did, indeed, made its impress on the national religious life, but the English Liturgy never lost its distinctive Eastern characteristics which remain to this day. At the time of the Reformation the Liturgy after many revisions was first set forth in the English language on Whitsun Day, 1549. It was again revised in 1552, and again other changes were made in 1604 and finally in 1662. Since which time very slight changes have been made in it. The American Liturgy was formally set forth on September 29, 1789, being adopted from the English Prayer Book, modified according to the agreement made with the Scottish Bishops who consecrated our first Bishop, the Rt. Rev. Samuel Seabury, D.D., for the Diocese of Connecticut. (See article entitled PRAYER BOOK.)

American Church Dictionary and Cyclopedia. — New York, Thomas Whittaker. . 1901.

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  • Liturgy — • A Greek composite word meaning originally a public duty, a service to the state undertaken by a citizen Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Liturgy     Liturgy      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • LITURGY — has conventionally been understood as the words that Jews recite in public worship. While written words are almost all that remains from earlier times, the study of liturgy today understands that the ways that these words are performed shapes… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Liturgy — Liturgy  блэк метал группа из Бруклина, образованная как проект одного музыканта  Хантера Хант Хендрикса. В 2008 году после выпуска 12 дюймового мини альбома Immortal Life состав был расширен до четырёх участников. Дебютный альбом… …   Википедия

  • liturgy — 1550s, the service of the Holy Eucharist, from M.Fr. liturgie or directly from L.L./M.L. liturgia public service, public worship, from Gk. leitourgia a liturgy; public duty, ministration, ministry, from leitourgos one who performs a public… …   Etymology dictionary

  • liturgy — [lit′ərjē] n. pl. liturgies [Fr liturgie < ML(Ec) liturgia < Gr leitourgia, public service to the gods (in LXX & N.T., ministry of priests), ult. < leōs, laos, people + ergon, WORK] 1. prescribed forms or ritual for public worship in any …   English World dictionary

  • Liturgy — Lit ur*gy (l[i^]t [u^]r*j[y^]), n.; pl. {Liturgies} (l[i^]t [u^]r*j[i^]z). [F. liturgie, LL. liturgia, Gr. leitoyrgi a a public service, the public service of God, public worship; (assumed) le i:tos, lei^tos, belonging to the people, public (fr.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • liturgy — ritual, rite, ceremony, ceremonial, *form, formality …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • liturgy — [n] worship, ceremony celebration, ceremonial, form, formality, formula, observance, rite, ritual, sacrament, service, services; concept 368 …   New thesaurus

  • liturgy — ► NOUN (pl. liturgies) ▪ a prescribed form of public worship used in the Christian Church. ORIGIN Greek leitourgia public service, worship of the gods …   English terms dictionary

  • Liturgy — A liturgy is the customary public worship done by a specific religious group, according to their particular traditions. The word may refer to an elaborate formal ritual such as the Eastern Orthodox Divine Liturgy and Catholic Mass, or a daily… …   Wikipedia

  • liturgy —    A liturgy is the ordered form of worship used by a church, including prayers, readings, and ceremonial acts such as the administration of the Eucharist/LoRD s Supper. Traditionally, Christian church liturgies were distinguished by the language …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism